The hypersensitivity in the teeth produces a really unpleasant sensation and in many cases so painful that it can prevent to enjoy certain foods. It is a very common pathology whose most common causes are in the excessive wear of the enamel that covers our teeth or in a deterioration or recession of the gums on which they rest.
Dentin is the inner layer of the tooth. Through its pores, external stimuli reach the nerve responsible for bringing these sensations to the brain. When the dentine lacks sufficient protection (loss of enamel, fissure in the teeth, etc.) too intense sensations (cold or heat) can cause that sharp prick resulting from tooth sensitivity. Also, when the gums expose the so-called cement? That covers the root of the tooth, the painful sensation is more than likely when coming into contact with a very cold or too hot food.
In most cases, dental sensitivity can be prevented and / or nuanced by its unpleasant effects by maintaining, in the first place, proper oral hygiene and following, in addition, the following tips:
- Use a soft brush in the daily cleaning of your mouth. Wash your teeth (inner and outer face) firmly but not so hard that you damage your gums. In case of sensitivity, electric brushes are highly recommended. Eliminating any remaining food (especially those containing sugars and acids that attack the enamel) will prevent the formation of tartar contributing to keep your teeth clean and healthy gums.
- Take care of your sensitive teeth with a specific toothpaste for this problem. Flee the pastes with abrasive whitening components and those that are not endorsed by a laboratory that offers all guarantees (be careful where you buy your toothpaste!).
- Finish your daily oral hygiene with a mouthwash based on fluoride. It is a great help to decrease sensitivity. In this way you will also strengthen teeth and enamel.
- In case of dental hypersensitivity forget about chewing gum and control the consumption of foods rich in sugars. Of course the always harmful tobacco also damages the enamel of your teeth.
The toothpastes expressly formulated to combat this problem are a very effective remedy although you have to keep in mind that to notice improvement you should use it for at least two weeks. A good idea to enhance its effectiveness is to distribute with your fingers a little product at those points where you notice greater sensitivity. Let it act for a few minutes and then remove it by rinsing normally.
Massaging the gums with your index finger in gentle circular movements will also help relieve the painful sensation. As a home remedy you can try to give these massages by previously wetting your finger in olive oil. Another effective trick is to go through teeth and gums (always gently) a slice of raw potato or cucumber. In any case, remember the final rinse.
If the dental sensitivity is too pronounced and causes constant discomfort, not only with too cold or hot food, you must go to the dentist, who will determine the specific causes of that discomfort. You may have a damaged nerve, too exposed roots or a crack or break (chopped tooth) that you have not repaired. He can advise the most appropriate treatment:
- Recipe a specific pasta.
- Apply a fluoride gel to strengthen the enamel.
- Carry out a sealing treatment perfectly joining gums and dental roots to prevent cold or heat from reaching the dental pulp (nerve) directly.
- To practice an endodontic that eliminates or nuances the nervous transmission.
- Or any other solution that only the specialist can determine. Keep in mind that this pain may not be the result of dental hypersensitivity (especially if that “puncture” that lasts longer than 3-5 seconds). If the discomfort is very frequent, the visit to the dentist should not wait.